Janani Suraksha Yojana – An initiative to prevent infant mortality and childbirth issues

Janani Suraksha Yojana is a motherhood intervention scheme that was launched on the 12th of April, 2005 by the Prime Minister of India. This scheme comes under the famous National Health Mission and aims to reduce maternal and infant mortality rates.


  1. Introduction
  2. Details about Janani Suraksha Yojana 
  3. Goals and Strategies of Janani Suraksha Yojana
  4. Janani Suraksha Yojana – Features 
  5. Registration and Availability of the Scheme. 
  6. Conclusion



Janani Suraksha Yojana

The Janani Suraksha Yojan launched to prevent infant mortality and any problems occurring during childbirth. This scheme was launched by the Ex-Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh. The Janani Suraksha Yojana comes under the National Health Mission and is replacing the older National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS). Let us see the further details of the Janani Suraksha Yojana, the method for registration, and its availability.


Details about Janani Suraksha Yojana

Janani Suraksha Yojana is available for families who are Below Poverty Line (BPL) and also available in many villages. This scheme mainly focuses on giving cash and monetary assistance to pregnant women and making sure that the delivery is successful, facing no casualties. The government will provide top class institutional care for the women and give them the best facilities. 

The Central Government of India fully sponsors the Janani Suraksha Scheme, and according to the conditions of the scheme, one can avail the offer only if they are Below Poverty Line (BPL) and are of the age 19 and above. Another condition in this scheme states that this can be availed up to two live births. 

The Janani Suraksha Scheme is primarily launched in the low performing states of India, that is, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, and Bihar. 

But, as per the government, it will surely reach out to other states in the coming future. 


Goals and Strategies of Janani Suraksha Yojana

The primary purpose of this is, as told before, to decrease the infant and maternal mortality rates. But, to achieve that, the government has to take specific steps. 

  1. The government started assigning health workers like ASHA for the villages to implement the scheme and to reach out to the public as soon as possible. 
  2. By doing this, many complicated cases can be identified earlier, and medical attention can be given 
  3. The Janani Suraksha Yojana also aims to provide a minimum of three antenatal care and one compulsory post-delivery visit. 
  4. The transportation facilities for visiting the hospital are given to the women for every check-up. 
  5. The government distributes money regularly and hands out incentives for the ASHA members.


Janani Suraksha Yojana – Features

  1. The person availing this scheme will get regular pregnancy check-ups and diet charts. The person should register her name in the health care centers for efficient money distribution. The government also assigns highly skilled and experienced doctors to deliver the baby. By doing this, one can see a drastic reduction in infant mortality rates. 
  2. The government will assign highly trained birth attendants to rural areas and villages through ASHA. They should work as a necessary health provider in that village. These attendants will be considered as essential workers and will be paid a certain amount as an incentive. 
  3. The scheme also includes monetary assistance for cesarean type deliveries. An extra of Rs. 1500 provided for hiring professionals to perform cesarean deliveries in private hospitals or a government medical facility. 
  4. If an immediate tubectomy or laparoscopy is ordered, then, under the Family Welfare Scheme, the Janani Suraksha Yojana beneficiary would be entitled to a fully paid tubectomy or laparoscopy.
  5. The government is partnering with many chains of private hospitals as most of the public healthcare facilities are nor in par with the latest technologies required to operate. The Janani Suraksha Yojana beneficiaries would even be able to avail top class check-ups and facilities in the private hospitals. Currently, the process of partnering with private hospitals is being discussed and is said to get implemented soon.


Registration and Availability Of The Scheme

According to the Janani Suraksha Yojana scheme, a village of 1000 population is expected to have one ASHA worker who is registered with the sub-center and public hospitals of that village. This worker would be working under the supervision of a senior member who is appointed by the government. 

The citizens in that respective village can avail of the benefits of the scheme by registering her name to the ASHA worker. Only a BPL card (if available) is needed for registration (this is exempted if the village is located in a very remote area). 

The ASHA worker will then assist in the delivery and arranging of transportation. 



Every year, India faces a high infant mortality rate just because the family of the infant couldn’t afford medical treatment in a hospital. The government then took practical steps to face this problem and started the Janani Suraksha Yojana.

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Pratap is an avid reader and he wishes to give back the community something in return. He is currently pursuing Engineering in the field of Computer Science in Bengaluru. He has a genuine passion for writing and spreading it to everyone. He has a thirst for knowledge and always seeking it out and aiming to be a better version of himself.

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Pratap Simha
Pratap Simha
Pratap is an avid reader and he wishes to give back the community something in return. He is currently pursuing Engineering in the field of Computer Science in Bengaluru. He has a genuine passion for writing and spreading it to everyone. He has a thirst for knowledge and always seeking it out and aiming to be a better version of himself.

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