- Indian, Science and Indian Scientists!
- Top 10 Indian Scientists
- Top Women Indian Scientists
- Indian Scientists FAQs
Indian, Science and Indian Scientists
Science is an inseparable part of our life. To be honest, we are addicted to technology and science. From cellphones to TVs we cannot live without science. Think about what if these inventions were not made. Scary right! If we look at India’s contribution to science, then we will discover that India has given Many brilliant Indian scientists to the world that changed it completely.
From CV Raman to APJ Abdul Kalam, Indian scientists are known in almost all the fields or domains. No matter if it is physics, chemistry, medicine, or anything else, Indian Scientists are everywhere.
Top 10 Indian Scientists
1. CV Raman (1888-1970)
CV Raman’s full name was Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. CV was born on 7 November 1888 in Tiruchirapalli.
- CV Raman won Nobel prize in physics for Raman Effect in 1930.
- He was the first non-white ad Asian to won Nobel prize in the field of science.
- He even worked upon the acoustics of musical instruments.
- CV was the first person to study the harmonic nature of Sound of Indian musical instruments like a tabla.
- Raman passed matriculation at the age of 11. At 13 years of age, he passed the Intermediate level exam and went to Presidency College in the year 1902.
- He ditched his government job in the Finance Department of Colonial govt and his position of first-ever Palit Physics prof at the University of Calcutta in the year 1917.
- He was the first Indian director of IIS, Indian Institute of Science, in the year 1933.
- He was the first national professor of India.
2. Homi J. Bhabha (1909-1966)
Homi was one of the most talented Indian Scientists. He was born on October 30, 1909, in Bombay (now Mumbai)
- He played a crucial role in Quantum theory.
- He was the first chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission of India.
- He kickstarted his career in nuclear physics in the field of Science in Great Britain. Subsequently, he returned to India.
- He was the one who convinced Congress leaders like Pandit Nehru to start a nuclear program in the country.
- He is considered the father of Nuclear power in India.
- Only a few people know that he was against the concept of India building its atomic bombs.
- He passed away in the airplane crash of 1966.
3. Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887-1920)
Ramanujan was a famous Indian Scientist & mathematician and was born on 22 December 1887 in Tamil Nadu.
- Ramanujan’s contribution in the field of maths like number theory, infinite series are extraordinary.
- He gained the knowledge of maths book by SL Loney by the age of 13.
- While he lived in England, he faced many health issues due to the unavailability of vegetarian food.
- He died young. Ramanujan was just 32 when he passed away.
- His birthday, i.e., 22 December is celebrated as State IT Day in Tamil Nadu.
4. Salim Ali (1896-1987)
Salim Ali’s full name was Salim Moizuddin Abdul Ali. Salim was born on 12 November 1896 in Bombay, now Mumbai.
- Ali was an ornithologist and a naturalist.
- Salim was one of the first Indian Scientists to do systematic bird surveys across the country.
- He is the ‘Birdman of India.’
- Bird books written by Salim Ali helped in the development of ornithology in the sub-continent.
- He was the primary figure behind the Bombay Natural History Society.
- He was awarded Padma Vibhushan, India’s second-highest civilian honor in 1976.
5. APJ Abdul Kalam (1931-2015)
Are you even Indian, if you haven’t heard of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam for even once in your life!
APJ Abdul Kalam’s full name was Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam. He was born on October 15 in 1931.
- He is among those Indian Scientists who worked for the Defence Research and Development Organisation, DRDO and Indian Space Research Organisation, ISRO as an aerospace engineer.
- He started his career as an Indian scientist by building a small helicopter for the Indian Army.
- He was a part of INCOSPAR, a committee operating under Vikram Sarabhai.
- He was also the 11th president of India. He served from 2002 to 2007.
- He wrote his plans to develop India by 2020 in his book ‘Indian 2020.’
- He was bestowed with several awards, including Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor.
6. Vikram Sarabhai (1919-1971)
Vikram Sarabhai, the Father of India’s space program, was born on August 12, 1919, in Ahmedabad in Gujarat.
- He played an essential role in setting up ISRO, the Indian Space Research Organization.
- He was the one who explained the Indian government about the importance of the space program for the development of the country.
- He was felicitated with Padma Bhushan in 1966.
- He was awarded Padma Vibhushan in 1972.
- He supported the establishment of many reputed Indian institutions, including IIM, Indian Institute of Management.
7. S Chandrashekar (1910-1995)
Astrophysicist, Chandrashekhar was one of the most exceptional Indian scientists. He was born on October 19, 1910, in Lahore.
- He was awarded Nobel prize in 1983 for his mathematical theory of black holes in physics.
- He has a ‘Chandrashekar limit’ named after his name.
- He was a relative of CV Raman and became a US citizen in 1953.
- He also worked upon the radiation of energy from stars.
- Chandrashekar passed away at 82 in Chicago.
8. Satyendra Nath Bose (1894-1974)
Born on 1 January 1894 in Calcutta, Satyendra Nath Bose is among the famous Indian scientists.
- He was an Indian physicist and had expertise in Quantum Mechanics.
- He is remembered for his work on ‘bosons’ which is named after him.
- Einstein translated and published Bose’s article on ‘Planck’s Law and Hypothesis of Light Quanta.’ Thus Bose-Einstein statistics was formulated.
- Rabindranath Tagore dedicated his only science book ‘Visva–Parichay’ to Bose in 1937.
- He was awarded Padma Vibbhushan in 1954.
9. Meghnad Saha (1893-1956)
Born on 6 October 1893 in Dhaka in Bangladesh, Meghnad Saha is one of the most excellent Indian Scientists.
- He is known for his work in the thermal ionization of elements.
- He formulated the Saha Equation based on his work. This eq is one of the necessary tools for the interpretation of the spectra of stars.
- He even invented the device to know the weight and pressure of the solar rays.
- He was the chief architect of river planning in the country.
- He was the one who devised a plan for Damodar Valley.
10. Jagadish Chandra Bose (1858-1937)
Born on November 30, 1858, in Bikrampur in West Bengal, Jagadish was one of the best Indian Scientists. He was a polymath, a physicist, a biologist, a botanist, and also an archaeologist.
- He studied the radio and microwave optics.
- He has a significant contribution to the study of plants.
- He was the one who established the foundation of science and experiments in the Indian sub-continent.
- He was first to use semiconductor junctions to identify radio signals. He depicted wireless communication for the first time.
- He is considered the father of open technology.
Top Women Indian Scientists
Below is the list of Top 7 Women Indian Scientists,
- Mangala Narlikar
- Aditi Pant
- Indira Hinduja
- Paramjit Khurana
- Sunetra Gupta
- Nandini Harinath
- Rohini Godbole
Indian Scientists FAQs
1) Who is the best scientist in India?
There are many Indian Scientists with significant contributions to the field of science. That is why considering any one of them as the best will be unfair to all. But to know more about the top 10 Indian Scientists read the article above.
2) Who is the Father of Science?
Galileo Galilei is the father of science. He was born in Pisa, Italy, on 15 February 1564.
3) Who is the richest scientist in India?