Engineering is said to be one of the most sought after professions in today’s world with a wide variety of degrees to choose from and with several opportunities available in the real world. The ratio of the number of engineers to the number of job vacancies is getting wobbly as the opportunities are less, and the number of people applying for them is more.
There are 6 significant types of engineering branches that are available for a student, and these are further divided into other departments. These major types of branches are:
- Civil Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Electrical/ Electronic Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Engineering Management
- Aerospace/ Aeronautical Engineering
These further have subdivisions, but today let’s focus on Civil Engineering and what all opportunities you can have in the future.
It is the professional engineering branch that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the environment that is built naturally and physically. This includes all the public roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, and any structural system. Civil Engineering is further divided into many subcategories depending on the field in which the person is dealing.
Civil Engineering is considered as the oldest form of engineering but after military engineering. This field is defined for all the sectors in the world, whether its the public sector project (municipal to national highways) or a private-sector project (individual homeowner to international companies).
Changes in Civil Engineering
Civil Engineering is the oldest profession that exists since people decided to give up the nomad lifestyle and started building a shelter for themselves. Several colleges in India offer the course of civil engineering to students who are willing to enter this field of work in the future. The standard time for a civil engineering degree is of 4 years in India, and once completed, it is considered as a bachelor in engineering with the field ahead.
Classes during the course include physics, mathematics, disaster management, project management, design, and certain other specific topics related to the field. Another extension of civil engineering is a post-graduation degree or masters in a particular area of engineering.
Civil Engineering Jobs
The biggest question that every student has is that what jobs are we eligible for if we pursue civil engineering or what future does a degree in civil engineering holds for us. To answer these questions, here is a list of all the possible profiles a person would fit in if they get a bachelor’s in civil engineering.
These are the jobs that are directly related to the degree:
- Consulting Civil Engineer
- Contracting Civil Engineer
- Site Engineer
- Structural Engineer
- Water Engineer
- Nuclear Engineer
- Building Control Surveyor
These are the job profiles where a degree in civil engineering can come in handy:
- Building Services Engineer
- Construction Manager
- Environmental Consultant
- Sustainability Consultant
- Urban Designer
- Engineering Geologist
Civil Engineering Government Jobs
Civil Engineers can be helpful for the government as they could help in supervising the construction of a public works project such as buildings, highways, etc. The other option is that these engineers could work for a big private industry that is competing for a government contract.
Some of the government posts where a civil engineer can work are listed below, so depending on the vacancies, a student can apply for the position and appear for the exam (If required). These are individual companies and jobs where a civil engineer would fit in perfectly.
1. Indian Railway Service of Engineers
2. Central Engineering Service
3. Central Public Works Department (for any region)
4. Central Engineering Service (Roads) Group-A
5. Indian Ordnance Factories
The companies are:
1. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)
2. Coal India Limited (CIL)
3. Delhi Development Authority (DDA)
4. Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL)
5. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC)
and there are many more such companies and jobs that can be found for civil engineers as well as students from other fields can also try to apply for these jobs.