10 Women Protection Act and Laws in India

Every minute there is a crime happening against women in our country. Be it a public place, workplace, or their houses; women are not safe in India. It is time that we put our safety in our hands as women. Below are ten laws that protect women and their rights, and it is vital to be aware of these.

Several crimes are happening against women in India every minute. It is now time for us to be aware of the women protection act that preserves us and our rights. Awareness about these laws is essential since power comes with knowledge. There are rights placed to protect women as a parent, wife, daughter, employee, and, most importantly, as a woman. Hence, be mindful of the laws provided by the Government of India that protect women and their rights.


Ten Women Protection Act and Laws that you should know

Below are the ten women protection act and law that every woman should know:

1. The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006

As per the survey conducted by the Research Centre for Women, over 47% of girls are married before they turn 18. At present, India is on 13th rank globally for underage marriages. Furthermore, child marriages in India are hard to eliminate since it has been in traditions over centuries in India.

The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act became effective in the year 2007. It is a child marriage if the age of the bride and the groom is below 18 and 21. It is the definition of child marriage as per the law and women protection act. 

Such marriages are illegal by-laws, and authorities are eligible to take actions against their parents for trying to marry their underage offsprings. 


2. Special Marriage Act, 1954

This women protection act aims to provide a unique form of marriage that includes a particular type of marriage, registration, and divorce in some instances. For example, a couple from different religions and castes can choose to get married under the Special Marriage Act. The act also extends to people who are Indian by nationality but living abroad. 


3. Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961

As per the women protection act, any dowry taking or giving at the wedding time to the bride or groom or their families is an offense. Since women move in with her groom and in-laws, the dowry system is deep-rooted in India. Over the centuries, many women get burned due to their economic dependence and taboo towards divorce. Many women are assaulted mentally and physically and even murdered by her spouse and in-laws if her family does not meet the dowry demands after marriage. 

Dowry is one of the significant challenges that our society is currently tackling. Recently, women have started to complain about them openly, helping to spread the words while also encouraging other women to take a stand. 


4. Indian Divorce Act, 1969

This women protection act aims to allow the dismissal of marriage, shared acquiescence, nullity of matrimony, constitutional severance, and reinstitution of marital rights. There are family courts that file, hear, and incline these cases. 


5. Maternity Benefit Act, 1861

The aim of the Maternity Benefit Act is the regulation of women’s employment while ensuring maternity benefits as per the law. As per the women protection act, any woman who has worked in an organization entitles maternity benefits. Women must have worked for at least 80 days during 12 months scouting the date of her expected date for her entitlement. The benefits include maternity leave, nursing breaks, medical allowances, and the likes as per the Maternity Benefit Act. 


6. Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971

The Medical Termination of Pregnancy was in effect since 1972, with amendments in the years 1975 and 2002. This women protection act aims to reduce the incidents of illegal abortion, consequent mortality, and maternal morbidity. The law includes the conditions regarding the termination. It also contains specifications about the qualification of the individuals for its conduct. 


7. Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, 2013

This women protection act aims to ensure women’s safety and protect them from sexual harassment at the workplace as a part of the women protection act. Below are also the inclusions of workplace sexual harassment:

  • Use of language with a sexual overtone
  • invasion of private space. i.e., make colleague coming too close 
  • Subtle touches
  • Innuendoes 


8. Indecent Representation of Women(Prevention) Act,1986

This women protection act prohibits any indecent representation of women via ads or in publications, including writing, painting, figures, or any other manner.


9. National Commission for Women Act, 1990

The National Commission for Women or NCW, in short, is a statutory body of Indian Government. It was established in January 1992 by the Government India. This women protection act represents the women’s rights in India and provides then a voice for their issues and concerns. It aims to improve the status of Indian women and to work on their financial empowerment. 


10. Equal Remuneration Act, 1976

This women protection act aims to prevent discrimination against women regarding the payment. It ensures equal pay among men and women workers.


Every woman in India should be aware of the women protection act and law, as mentioned above. The Indian Government places these laws and acts in the interest of women. However, we can only fight against injustice happening with us at the home, workplace, or in society if we are aware of our rights. 

+ posts

Rucha Joshi is fueled by her passion for creative writing. She is eager to turn information into action. With her hunger for knowledge, she considers herself a forever student. She's currently working as a content writer and is always interested in a challenge.

Disclaimer: The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed in the article have been curated for our audience and does not warrant a 100% accuracy. All the information mentioned in the article is subject to change according to the changing viewpoints. Feel free to reach us at [email protected] for any change or copyright issues.

Note: If you buy something via a link on this page, we might earn a small commission on it.

Rucha Joshi
Rucha Joshi
Rucha Joshi is fueled by her passion for creative writing. She is eager to turn information into action. With her hunger for knowledge, she considers herself a forever student. She's currently working as a content writer and is always interested in a challenge.

Leave A Reply

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

related stories

The china-based threat activity group, RedEcho, targets at least a dozen Indian organizations, including the Indian power sector.

Report: Chinese Hacker Groups Target Indian Organisations Amid the Border Tension

Since mid-2020, Chinese State-sponsored groups intruded into the computer networks of at least a dozen Indian state-run organizations, mostly power utilities and load dispatch...
The SEC stated that it has temporarily halted trading in 15 companies amid concerns that their stock prices were artificially inflated.

US Watchdog Halts Trading of 15 Companies, Sharpens Gaze on ‘Suspicious Social Media Activities’

The United States security regulators suspended trading in the securities of 15 companies on Friday because of 'questionable trading and social media activity.' It...
Facebook recently launched its short video entertainment format platform known as bars that cater to a specific community called rappers.

How the launch of Facebook’s Bars will be a game changer for aspirants in...

The world's hands at entertainment are getting saturated, and there is no doubt about it. This market's global landscape had changed dramatically since the...
The IPO season is here, and many companies have reached for the big deal on the NYSE. DigitalOcean also aims to reach the NYSE boards and introduce their IPO by going public.

DigitalOcean goes public in its first ever IPO aiming for the NYSE

With a range of rationales, digital transformations are carried out. Some stem from the need to replace IT systems that have reached the end...
All successful companies need better tools. Here is the list of today's best product management tools to cover all your business requirements.

Essentials Project Tools You Need in 2021

Project managers and product managers share similar work responsibilities, which is beyond just sharing similar titles. Both roles work in tandem to successfully deliver...
The Indian public sector is undergoing a new shift. Since time, many of these sectors have worked for the government and made the extra dime public.

How the Privatisation move might put the Modi government afront in public benefit

A crisis on an unprecedented scale is facing the Indian banking sector. When more facts are brought to light, the problem becomes peculiar. You...
Disruptors have been challenging big logistics players for years and the shift towards ecommerce has created a fertile ground for logistics startups.

Transformation of Indian Logistics Tech Ecosystem

The logistics industry is the backbone of every economy. The growth of the Indian ecommerce sector enabled startups dealing in logistics to expand their...
India's healthcare sector is booming, thus giving many opportunities to establish a unified system that contributes to better health.

India’s healthcare startup ecosystem is booming, as Government prioritises on better systems

India is a country that is democratic and It is the government's responsibility to provide primary health care for individuals. India is a large...