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11 Causes for Pain in Lower Left Abdomen
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In this article, we will discuss the 11 common causes of pain in left side abdomen to help you identify your case more effectively.

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Due to several causes, however, the lower-left abdomen’s dullness will assist you in getting relief. Common causes of lower left abdominal pain frequently result from digestive problems (1). However, these can also range from skin problems to reproductive organ problems and even complications of the wall of blood vessels.

Broken Rib

This includes back pain, chest pain, constipation, diarrhea, fever, nausea and vomiting, cough and trouble breathing, and common symptoms of lower left abdominal pain (2). Symptoms include pain characteristics, abdominal pain, and the relationship between pain and eating, vomiting, constipation, or diarrhea.

Signs of pain in lower left abdomen:

  • Fever
  • Inability to digest food for more than two days
  • Dehydration
  • Inability to pass stool
  • Frequent urination
  • Tender Abdomen
  • Left side stomach pain
  • Bloating
  • Gas (farting)

Left side abdominal pain diagnosis may include:

  • Physical examination
  • Complete blood count (CBC), liver enzymes, pancreatic enzymes, pregnancy, and urinalysis tests
  • X-rays of the abdomen
  • Ultrasound
  • CT Scan

 

11 Causes for pain in the lower left abdomen

Many organs are a follow-up to those in the upper abdomen in the lower left abdomen, with some entirely different. The lower edge of the left kidney, the left ureter, part of the colon, and the bladder, prominent vessels, and nerves are located there. Some of the causes (3) of pain in the lower left side of the abdomen are:

 

1. Diverticulosis

Diverticulosis (4) induces intense discomfort, which slowly increases and is then localized in the lower left abdominal pain. It is often accompanied by fever, bloating, and changes in the color of the feces. It decreases the volume of waste and becomes rarer. In some instances, perforation of the colon can be caused by peritonitis. Diverticulitis is a condition in which the bulge forms along the left walls of the intestine.

Accompanying signs are:

  • Fever
  • A sharp, instant, increasing pain
  • Swelling of the lower left abdomen
  • Occasional blood diarrhea.

Treatment for Diverticulosis:

  • Bed rest
  • Stool softeners 
  • Liquid diet 
  • Antibiotics 
  • Antispasmodic drugs

 

2. Bowel Obstruction

Intestinal obstruction occurs when the intestines are entirely or partly blocked. The digestion process can not, therefore, continue to be completed. Bowel congestion (5) is the product of several causes for pain lower left side. The movement of food into the intestine can also interact with neoplasms such as cancer of the colon. Often part of a healthy gut can twist or skew. In rare cases, the cause of intestinal obstruction is a partial or complete blockage due to non-digestible items, such as coins or keys that the patient has accidentally swallowed.

Accompanying signs are:

  • Cramps in abdomen
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constipation
  • Nausea
  • Inability to pass gas

Treatment for Bowel Obstruction:

  • Blood tests 
  • Endoscopy
  • CT scan
  • X-rays

 

3. Constipation

Constipation or weak bowels, an issue with a variety of disorders that impacts a lot of people. According to estimates, nearly every tenth person has trouble with abnormal bowel movements. Constipation (6) must be cured. Not only because of the annoying pain in left side of abdomen but also because the waste products in the body should be kept as short as possible. Fortunately, there are many ways to treat constipation.

Accompanying signs are:

  • A low-fiber diet 
  • Dehydration
  • Lack of exercise
  • Changes in routine
  • Certain medications
  • Pregnancy

Treatment for Constipation:

  • Drink more water
  • Eat more fiber foods.
  • Exercise frequently
  • Drink coffee
  • Consume probiotic foods

 

4. Crohn’s disease

This is a small bowel inflammatory condition. Symptoms of the condition include frequent nausea, which nearly often involves very stressed intestines, discomfort, and poor digestion of nutrients. Therapy for Crohn’s disease (7): a professional gastroenterologist will make a diagnosis. That is due to the risk of severe conditions such as colon cancer. Introduce only light liquid food during an acute episode. It will help you calm down the irritation of the colon and pain in left side.

Accompanying signs are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain and cramps
  • Blood in your stool
  • Reduced appetite and weight loss

Treatment for Crohn’s disease:

  • Colonoscopy
  • MRI
  • CT Scan
  • Blood Tests

 

5. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

In UTI (8), the discomfort is slowly rising from the middle of the pain in lower left abdomen. Physicians frequently recognize urinary tract disease in patients who complain of pain in the lower left abdomen region. It manifests itself as a burning sensation during urination. The need to urinate regularly, even at night, turbid urine with a strong scent. Sometimes urinary tract infections are accompanied by back pain, fever, and blood in the urine.

Accompanying signs are:

  • A burning sensation when you pee.
  • Urge to pee
  • Strange-smelling pee.
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Pain in the lower abdomen.

Treatment for Urinary Tract Infection (UTI):

  • Ultrasound
  • Cystoscopy
  • CT scan

 

6. Gastritis

The word gastritis is a catchall for disorders causing inflammation of the lining of the stomach. Soreness can be attributed to multiple causes, including allergies, frequent usage of pain relievers or other drugs, or consuming too much alcohol. Gastritis (9) signs may appear unexpectedly or develop over time, and, in some cases, gastritis may lead to ulcers. Ulcers and gastritis are two of the most severe forms of upper abdominal pain. These are usually associated with intense pain in left side of abdomen pain that can intensify at night and only improve after feeding.

Accompanying signs are:

  • Nausea 
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Indigestion
  • Hiccups

Treatment for Gastritis:

  • Antibiotic medicines
  • Antacids
  • Eat smaller meals
  • Avoid alcohol

 

7. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)

The aorta is the primary human blood vessel. It brings blood from your heart to your head and neck, then to your lungs, your thighs, then your pelvis. The walls of the aorta will expand or bulge out like a tiny balloon if it is low and can cause pain on left side. That is called an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) (10) as it happens in the section of the aorta in the abdomen. AAAs don’t always cause problems, but a broken aneurysm can be life-threatening. Therefore, once you are infected with an aneurysm, the doctor may observe you, even though they may not interfere instantly.

Accompanying signs are:

  • Sudden pain in your abdomen 
  • Pain spreading from your stomach to your pelvis
  • Sweaty skin
  • Raised heart rate
  • Shock or loss of consciousness

Treatment for Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA):

  • CT scan of the abdomen
  • Abdominal ultrasound
  • Chest X-ray
  • Abdominal MRI

 

8. Indigestion

Indigestion (11) is always a symptom, rather than an actual disorder, of a systemic issue, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), ulcers, and gall-bladder illness. Dyspepsia is also described as chronic or recurrent left side abdominal pain or irritation. Heartburn and acid reflux are the same problems – when the belly gets sugar. When this occurs, you should get a warm sensation. It may be an indigestion sign.

Accompanying signs are:

  • Burning in the stomach 
  • Abdominal pain
  • Bloating 
  • Gas
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Growling stomach

Treatment for Indigestion:

  • Blood Tests
  • Endoscopy
  • X-ray

 

9. Ovarian cysts

In an ovary that includes a liquid or semi-solid material, ovarian cysts are closed body-like structures. “cyst” is simply a generic word for a tumor or neoplasm (new growing) fluid-filled system. This may be good-natured or malignant because it’s a tumor. The ovary is sometimes regarded as the gonad of sex. Despite people even knowing that they are present, most ovarian cysts (12) will never be detected and addressed. If cysts cause symptoms, the most frequent is a left side stomach pain.

Accompanying signs are:

  • Abdominal pain
  • The feeling of being bloated
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Nausea

Treatment for Ovary cysts:

  • Oral contraceptives
  • Removal of cyst
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Surgery

 

10. Kidney stones

The accumulation of dissolved substances in the inner lining of the kidneys is the product of renal stones. They are typically made of various other chemicals, including calcium oxalate, which can cause pain in lower left abdomen. Kidney stones (13) can grow into a golf ball and maintain a sharp, crystalline design. Stones can be tiny and move across the urinary tract unseen, but before they leave their body, they may often inflict intense pain. Kidney stones within the body may also cause other problems, including restricting the kidney-to-bladder channel, which prevents the way urine exits the body.

Accompanying signs are:

  • Severe pain in the side
  • Blood in urine
  • Vomiting 
  • Pus in the urine
  • Reduced amount of urine 
  • Burning sensation during urination

Treatment for Kidney stones:

  • Removing the stone
  • Home remedies
  • Diet changes
  • Lifestyle change

 

11. Pelvic Inflammatory disease

A pelvic inflammatory syndrome is the female genital system inflammation causing pain in lower left side. The bonds of the scars form between tissues and organs can be fibrous. The uterus or womb, fallopian tubes, ovaries, or a combination may be affected. Chronic, continuous, pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility complications include complications. 1 in 8 women suffering from pelvic inflammatory disorder (PID) are challenging to get pregnant, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (14).

Accompanying signs are:

  • Pain in the pelvic area
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Bleeding or spotting between periods
  • Irregular menstruation
  • Pain in the lower back
  • Pain during sexual intercourse

Treatment for Pelvic Inflammatory disease:

  • Antibiotics
  • Surgery
  • Regular screening
  • Using protection during sexual intercourse

 

Conclusion

In some instances, the left side abdominal pain is unlikely to have a permanent effect. If chronic conditions, such as Crohn’s disease, pain lower left abdomen, a doctor can help a person to develop a long-term treatment scheme to improve their symptoms. 

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Aakriti Suri is a MBA student who has been effectively handling a Real estate and Construction house from the past 3 years. She has always had an eye for the emerging startups and dreams to have her own someday.

Disclaimer: The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed in the article have been curated for our audience and does not warrant a 100% accuracy. All the information mentioned in the article is subject to change according to the changing viewpoints. Feel free to reach us at [email protected] for any change or copyright issues.

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Aakriti Suri
Aakriti Suri
Aakriti Suri is a MBA student who has been effectively handling a Real estate and Construction house from the past 3 years. She has always had an eye for the emerging startups and dreams to have her own someday.

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